Make UK/Santander analysis shows Europe remains dominant market for UK goods & manufacturers

16 September 2019

MakeUK UK Manufacturing Facts 2019_20 in association with Santander.jpg
MakeUK UK Manufacturing Facts 2019_20 in association with Santander.jpg

New analysis from Make UK, in association with Santander, shows Europe remains the dominant market for UK goods, with UK manufacturing also remaining in top ten of world rankings.

Key findings:
•    UK manufacturing sector annual output worth £192 billion to the economy overall
•    Exports to EU more than double the value of those to the US
•    Manufacturing still in the driving seat when it comes to exports and R&D
•    UK is world’s 10th largest exporter and 7th largest for trade
•    Average pay in manufacturing remains significantly higher than for services and the economy overall
•    UK remains in top ten manufacturing nations at ninth place

The importance of the UK agreeing a deal with the EU which avoids barriers to trade is laid bare today by new analysis from Make UK, the manufacturers’ organisation, in association with Santander, which shows the value of trade with the bloc is worth more than double that of the United States, with seven of the UK’s top export destinations being within the EU.

According to ‘UK Manufacturing: the Facts 2019/20’, the annual analysis of the sector published by Make UK, the manufacturers’ organisation and Santander, while the United States is the single biggest export market for UK manufactured goods and services, worth £118.2bn, exports to the top seven EU markets alone amounted to £236.5bn in the same period (£256.1bn including Switzerland).

Broken down by sector, the export picture of manufactured goods is dominated by Transport (25.5%) and pharmaceuticals & chemicals (17.9%), which highlight the importance of these high value added sectors to the success of UK industry overall, the aerospace and automotive sectors in particular.

The importance of the top two dominant exporting sectors is also reflected in contributions to business R&D, where pharmaceuticals & chemicals and the transport sector accounted for almost 70% of the total spend between them.

The transport sector also led the way in export growth, increasing by 7.4%, largely on the back of continued growth in aerospace, closely followed by food & drink, which increased  exports by 5.3%.

The analysis by Make UK and Santander shows that manufacturing remains central to the success of the economy overall, accounting for two thirds of overall R&D, 45% of exports, 15% of business investment and 2.7m high value jobs, which are better paid than the economic average. With annual output of £192 billion, the UK remains the ninth largest manufacturing nation in the world.

The analysis smashes the myth that manufacturing jobs are badly paid with the average salary in manufacturing of £33,592, compared to £29,832 for the whole economy – and way above services at £29,014.

By sector size, food & drink remains the single biggest sector, contributing 15.1% of GVA, worth roughly £73.1 billion, closely followed by transport (14.9%, worth £72.1bn) and pharmaceuticals & chemicals (14.2%, worth £68.7bn).

By region, the North West is the biggest single by output, worth £28.5bn, closely followed by London & the South East, worth £28.1bn.

Commenting, Seamus Nevin, Chief Economist at Make UK, said: “These figures lay bare the overwhelming importance for manufacturers of trade with our closest market and the need to avoid imposing any barriers which will make this more difficult.

While the United States remains the biggest market and, presents significant opportunities for export growth, it is a fallacy to believe that geography is not the biggest factor driving trade. For UK manufacturers, access to their biggest market is vital.

The figures also provide an important reminder that we’re still one of the top ten biggest manufacturing nations – and we want to see policy makers working with industry to help move UK manufacturing up the rankings.

Paul Brooks, UK Head of Manufacturing, Santander, commented: “The UK has always punched well above its weight when it comes to exports and it’s vital this trend continues – jobs across the UK count on it.

While we are helping businesses build strong trade links with partners around the world, the message from manufacturers is clear: Europe must remain a strong trade ally. We’ll continue to support the UK to hold its position as a major global economy and exporter.

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