AFE for femtocells
07 February 2012
Fastest, highest-performance analogue front end for femtocells and portable software-defined radio.
Texas Instruments has introduced the industry’s fastest, highest-performance analogue front end (AFE) for femtocell base stations and portable software-defined radio (SDR) applications.
The low-power, 12-bit AFE7225 integrates a dual 125-MSPS analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) and dual 250-MSPS digital-to-analogue converter (DAC). It operates 25% faster than the competition, while increasing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) by 2 dB and providing up to five times the DAC output current.
In addition to the AFE7225, the 12-bit AFE7222 is available for lower bandwidth, power-sensitive applications. It integrates a dual 65-MSPS ADC and dual 130-MSPS DAC and uses only 398mW in full-duplex or 212mW in half-duplex receive mode at full speed.
The AFE7225 and AFE7222 both integrate more digital signal processing capabilities than similar AFEs, which increases design flexibility. They are the only mixed-signal AFEs with independent transmit and receive, 32-bit numerically controlled oscillators (NCOs), serialised LVDS input/output options, and independent transmit/receive quadrature modulation correction for gain, phase and offset imbalances.
The AFE7225 and AFE7222 can be used in heterodyne or direct-conversion radio architectures. For heterodyne radios, a single DAC channel in the AFEs can be used to create an intermediate frequency up to approximately 100 MHz for transmit, and a single ADC channel can be used to capture IFs of more than 300 MHz, with the unused channels shut down to conserve power. For femtocell base stations, the AFEs provide macro-cell performance when combined with high-quality RF components, such as the TRF372017 IQ modulator with local oscillator and the TRF371125 IQ demodulator.
Evaluation modules are available now. The AFE7222EVM and AFE7225EVM include the TRF370333 IQ modulator and CDCE72010 clock jitter cleaner, as well as TI power management devices, such as DC/DC converters and low-noise LDOs, to provide a complete bits-to-RF prototyping and reference design. An IBIS model to verify board signal integrity requirements is also available.
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